Before You Raise Turkeys -
Terminologies and Interesting Facts You Should Know
Ideally, before you raise turkeys, it is helpful that you know the
terminologies and interesting facts about turkeys so that you wouldn't
be thrown off guard when you read any related materials about turkeys.
Raising turkeys on a small farm can be fun and profitable because they
can be rotated like any other cash crop on your property. If you have
a few acres that you could rotate pastured turkeys on, this could be a
good side business for the small farmer.
Here are some terminologies to broaden your horizon when you raise
Adult male turkey
Adult female turkey
Young one of turkey
Snood or Dew
The fleshy protuberance near the base of the beck
The fleshy protuberance on the head and neck usually pink or red in
color which appear from about 5th week of age
A large flap skin seen immediately below the chin
A tuft of hair attached to the skin of the upper chest region
Mating behavior of male turkey
Shooting the red
The development of caruncles and this is supposed to indicate the most
difficult time in the life of young turkey
Poults should be debeaked to control feather picking and cannibalism.
Debeaking can be done at day old or 3-5 weeks of age. Remove the beak
at about one half the distance from nostril to the tip of the beak.
Removal of the snood or dewbill is to prevent the head injuries from
picking and fighting. At the day old the snood can be removed by
shumbnail or finger pressure. At 3 weeks of age it can be cut off
close to the head with sharp scissors.
Detoeing or toe
Clipping is done at day old by removing the tip of the toe just to the
inside of the outer most toe pad including the entire toenail.
When most people think of a turkey they think of Thanksgiving dinner.
While most who raise turkeys raise them for eating, some keep turkeys
as a pet. And some do both, keep some as a pet while eating the
others. There are many different breeds of turkeys, however there are
two varieties, domestic and wild. The wild turkey lives and breeds in
the wild and some are kept as pets. It can fly and is said to be
smarter than the domestic.
The domestic turkey are the type eaten on thanksgiving and they cannot
fly. The domestic and wild turkeys are physically different. Domestic
turkeys are much larger than the wild turkeys. Wild turkeys have brown
tipped tails, while the domestic is white. A wild turkey is much
faster than the domestic turkey. The fastest wild turkey can run up to
35 mph, while a full grown domestic turkeys pace is a slow walk
(females are a little faster because they weigh less than the male).
Wild Turkeys have better eyesight and hearing than domestic turkeys.
Only male turkeys gobble, female turkeys make a clucking sound but
cannot gobble. Only the male turkey can fan his tail feathers, females
The turkeys crop is also called the craw. When turkeys feed they
swallow lots of food which is stored in their crop. They then go to a
safe place to loaf and process the food. Before you raise turkeys too,
you need to know that turkeys don't have teeth, but they grind their
food (even hard seeds and nuts like acorns) in their second stomach,
the gizzard. This is the muscular stomach below the crop which is the
glandular stomach. Look for the gizzard in the giblet bag.
All commercial turkeys produced today are the white broad breasted
turkey breed. This breed was first used for commercial turkey
production in the late 1950's. By the late 1960's the majority of the
industry used this turkey breed.
The cost of raising a turkey is affected by many factors, including
buildings, equipment, labor, feed costs, and interest on loans. Feed
costs amount to almost two thirds of the cost of raising a turkey.
Geographic location, degree of automation, and size of the farm all
contribute to differences in the costs of raising turkeys.
Raising Turkeys – 4 Reasons Why You Should Start
How To Raise Turkeys – Common Mistakes and Problems to Avoid When
Keeping Turkeys - A Beginner's Guide to Keeping Turkeys As Pets at
Raising Turkeys - Is Keeping Turkeys With Chickens a Good Idea?
Raising Turkeys for Profit and Fun - Which Is The Best Way?
Rearing Turkey Organically - First Things First When Starting to Raise
Before You Raise Turkeys – Terminologies and Interesting Facts You
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